Mycotoxin Problem in Nepal : A Review

  • T. B. Karki Department of Food Technology and Quality Control, HMG Babar Mahal, Kathmandu
  • K. B. Maharjan
  • K. K. Sinha TM Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, India

Abstract

Mycotoxins are a particular group of toxic secondary metabolites produced by certain fungi on plant and animal products. Their effects on human and animal systems may be cytotoxic, teratogenic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and/or oestrogenic, etc. The problem of mycotoxins is owrldwide. Practically all the food and feed commodities are prone to fungal attack and subsequent production of mycotoxins. In Nepal, studies on mycotoxin problem is limited to aflatoxins particularly on aflatoxin B1 and aflatoxin B2, recently fumonisins, nivalenol (NIV) and deoxynivalenol (DON) have also been reported in maize. But successful investigation on the occurrence of other types of mycotoxins has not yet been covered. In this paper an attempt has-been made to review the works on mycotoxin problem in Nepal taking account of future prospective of mycotoxin research in the country.