Opportunities for Agroforestry in Nepal

  • Swoyambhu Man Amatya

Abstract

Traditionally, the people of Nepal are heavily dependent on forests for the supply of fuelwood, fodder, and timber. Agricultural activities to produce food, fodder are still dominant mostly in the mountain regions of Nepal. Farmers are using forest land as an integral part in their farming system. In the Nepalese perspective agroforestry is an old age practice. Farmers are using forest land as an integral part in their farming system. Yet, the concept of agro forestry is new to the Nepalese farmers. Nontheless, the topic of "Agroforestry" is recently receiving considerable attention. This is largely due to the evidence that trees and agricultural crops can be managed simultaneously and guarantee the sustainability of agricultural system. The agroforestry systems practised by the Nepalese farmers varies according to the physiographic zones. Also, within a given physiographic zone, it varies with location. The main determinant are being the altitude and the aspect. This paper identifies the different indigenous and introduced agroforestry practices prevailing in different physiographic zones of the country, exploresresearch and development initiatives of different institutions, and examines the opportunities of promoting agroforestry in the country