Diversity of Butterfly in Daman Area of Makawanpur District, Central Nepal

  • Bina Prajapati Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • Uphala Shrestha Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • Ananda S. Tamrakar Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu

Abstract

Nepal has a wide diversity of butterfly and other insect species due to its high biodiversity. The Daman area of Makawanpur district, Central Nepal, is rich in butterfly species.This study examined the seasonal and altitudinal variations effect on butterfly species. Butterflies were collected from different altitudes : 2230 m. (Naliban), 2280 m. (Daman ban I), 2330 m. (Daman ban II), 2460 m. (Dawbar Chowk) and 2500 m. (Simbhanjyang) during spring and autumn in 1997. A total of 65 different species of butterfly belonging to 48 genera and 8 families were recorded in the area. The most common families in the area were Nymphalidae and Lycaenidae whereas the butterflies of family Acraeidae was less abundant i.e. 23.07%, 23.07% and 1.53% of total collected butterflies respectively. 38.46% of butterflies were recorded during spring and 84.61% of autumn. Similarly the highest number of species were obtained from Daman Ban I(70.76%) and Daman ban II (66.15%) followed by Naliban (41.53%), Dawbar Chowk (29.23%) and Simbhanjyang (21.53%). The rare species of Daman were Chrysozephyrus esakii and Tijuria illurgis. Among these species C. esakii was a newly recorded species for Nepal.